OMG

Astronomers discovered a super massive Black Hole 660 million times larger than the sun

28

A supermassive black hole 660 million times larger than the sun was discovered by astronomers in May this year. The fantastic discovery by researchers at University of California Irvine was phenomenal and extremely significant as one so large has never been recorded till date.

Researchers using sophisticated high resolution data acquired from ALMA or Atacama Large Millimeter Array space telescope in Chile observatory were ecstatic about the find that had been perplexing scientists for some time. The super massive black hole was found in the NGC 1332 a galaxy obviously far far away.

1 73 Million Light Years in a Galaxy Far Far Away

The black hole inside NGC 1332 at 73 million light years away was found to be 660 million times more massive as the Sun, and has a cloud of gas circling it at roughly 1.8 million kilometers per hour (about 1.1 million miles per hour).

Measuring the speed of this spin is crucial – knowing how fast the dense, cold clouds orbiting the black hole are spinning can tell you a lot about the black hole’s mass in the centre, based on its gravitational pull. And while these clouds emit no light for astronomers to detect, they glow brightly at wavelengths that ALMA can pick up.

73 Million Light Years in a Galaxy Far Far Away

Image Source: www.wikimedia.org

2 A First for The ALMA Telescope in Chile

According to one of the researchers Aaron Barth at UCI”This is the first time that ALMA has probed the orbital motion of cold molecular gas well inside the gravitational sphere of influence of a super massive black hole. We are directly viewing the region where the cold gas is responding to the black hole’s gravitational pull.”

NGC 1332 is an elliptical galaxy 73 million light years away from Earth. Found in the southern sky, it is one among several galaxies that contain such black holes which are galactic disks of cold molecular gas and dust orbiting their galaxies.

super massive black hole

Image Source: www.ziaruldeiasi.ro

3 Measured and Discovered By the Doppler Effect

In order to find the Black hole, Astronomers used the special Doppler Effect to map gases known to surround black holes. The Doppler Effect maps the changes of different frequencies of sound, light or any other existing waves, In the case of the super massive black hole.

Astronomers studied frequencies of radio waves emitted from the carbon monoxide molecules presented in the gas cloud. Such emissions are bright enough for Alma to detect. The results of the discovery were published in the Astrophysical Journal of letters. Watch the incredible video.

About the author / 

Andrew Alpin

  • 12 Celebs Who Fake It By Renting Mansions, Instead of Buying Them

    12 Celebs Who Fake It By Renting Mansions, Instead of Buying Them

    Sponsored Celebs often fake it till they make it, but some stars fake it even after they make it. Did you think the swanky, A-grade luxury mansions you see pop stars and actors hanging out in, are actually owned by them? Those are rented mansions, which A-listers like Anne Hathaway, the Kardashian sisters or Mariah…

  • Jennifer Lawrence Wants To Invest Her Time In Activism During One-Year Break

    Jennifer Lawrence Wants To Invest Her Time In Activism During One-Year Break

    Sponsored A large number of people on this planet Earth are fans of Jennifer Lawrence. They admire many qualities that Jennifer possesses. They are just fans of Jennifer’s acting prowess, her down to earth demeanor and undeniable beauty. She shook the entire world when she was first seen in The Hunger Games trilogy which started…

  • 15 Stars Who Married Younger People and Regretted It

    15 Stars Who Dated/Married Younger People and Regretted It

    Sponsored This is 2017, and we are way past the time when we can judge a couple’s age gap, and it should not really matter if someone is dating a woman 20 years his junior, as long as they are compatible. But Hollywood is messy and gets unpredictable with each passing day. Dating a person…

  • Know Which Pop Star Are You, Based On Your Zodiac Sign?

    Know Which Pop Star Are You, Based On Your Zodiac Sign?

    Sponsored We all have our favorite pop stars and always aspire to become like them. We always die to see our favorite pop stars perform. And, why not? The list of top pop stars include the names of Michael Jackson, Britney Spears or Madonna. These pop stars achieved phenomenal successes in their lives. We are…